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Contents should I have to ... Would you like ... ? I'd like ... Do this! Don't do that! Let's do this! I used to ...
There and it there is there are there was/were there has/have been there will be It ...
Auxiliary verbs I am, I don't etc. Have you? Are you? Don't you? etc. too/either so am I / neither do I etc. isn't, haven't, don't etc. (negatives)
Questions is it ... ? have you ... ? do they ... ? etc. (questions 1) Who saw you? Who did you see? (questions 2) Who is she talking to? What is it like? (questions 3) What ... ? Which ... ? How ... ? (questions 4) How long does it take ... ? Do you know where ... ? I don't know what ... etc. Reported speech She said that ... He told me that ... -ing and to ... work/working go/going do/doing to ... (I want to do) and -ing (I enjoy doing) I want you to ... I told you to ... I went to the shop to ...
Go, get, do, make and have go to ... go on ... go for ... go -ing get do and make have
Pronouns and possessives I/me he/him they/them etc. my/his/their etc. Whose is this? It's mine/yours/hers etc. I/me/my/mine myself/yourself/themselves etc. -'s (Kate's camera / my brother's car etc.) A and the a/an ... train(s) bus(es) (singular and plural) a bottle / some water (countable/uncountable 1) a cake / some cake / some cakes (countable/uncountable 2) a/an and the the ... go to work go home go to the cinema I like music I hate exams the ... (names of places)
Determiners and pronouns this/that/these/those one/ones some and any not + any no none not + anybody/anyone/anything nobody/no-one/nothing somebody/anything/nowhere etc. every and all all most some any no/none both either neither a lot much many (a) little (a) few
Adjectives and adverbs old/nice/interesting etc. (adjectives) quickly/badly/suddenly etc. (adverbs) old/older expensive / more expensive older than ... more expensive than ... not as ... as the oldest the most expensive enough too
Word order He speaks English very well, (word order 1) always/usually/often etc. (word order 2) still yet already Give me that book! Give it to me!
Conjunctions and clauses and but or so because When ... If we go ... If you see ... etc. If I had ... If we went ... etc. a person who ... a thing that/which ... (relative clauses 1) the people we met the hotel you stayed at (relative clauses 2) iv IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH UNITS TO STUDY, USE THE STUDY GUIDE ON PAGE 271.
IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH UNITS TO STUDY, USE THE STUDY GUIDE ON PAGE 271. V Prepositions Thanks at 8 o'clock from ... to before after on Monday in April until since for while during in at on (places 1) in at on (places 2) to in at (places 3) under, behind, opposite etc. up, over, through etc. on at by with afraid of... , good at ... etc. listen to ... .look at ... etc. -mg For their help in producing this third edition of Essential Grammar in Use, I would like to thank Liz Driscoll, Jessica Roberts and Alison Sharpe. I would also like to thank the teachers and reviewers from various countries who provided me with feedback on the previous edition. Illustrations by Kate Charlesworth, Richard Deverell, Gillian Martin, Roger Penwill, Lisa Smith, Ian West and Simon Williams Design by Kamae Design Phrasal verbs go in, fall off, run away etc. (phrasal verbs 1) put on your shoes put your shoes on (phrasal verbs 2)
Appendices Appendix 1 Active and passive Appendix 2 List of irregular verbs Appendix 3 Irregular verbs in groups Appendix 4 Short forms (he's / I'd / don't etc.) Appendix 5 Spelling 248 Appendix 6 Phrasal verbs (take off / give up etc.) Appendix 7 Phrasal verbs + object (put out a fire / give up your job etc.) Additional exercises Study guide Key to Exercises Key to Additional exercises Key to Study guide Index