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    : 00813523
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    ISBN: 978-5-02-036350-2
    : 2010
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    : 806

    C// on-line


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    (Preface)
    I. (CHINA)
    (introduction)

    (The Chinese Calendar System)

    1. (Some Remarks on the Chinese
    Calendar System)

    2. (Systems of Chronology in China)

    1. (Sexagenary Cycle, or Stem-Branch Cycle)
    " " (Ten Heavenly Stems, or Celestial Signs)
    " " (Twelve Earthly Branches, or Twelve Animals)
    (Sexagenary Cycle and Its Peculiarities)
    (Conversion Tables of Cycle Signs)

    2. (, jinian) (Era)

    3. ( , shi) (Rulers' Generations)

    4. ( , nianhao) (Regnal Names)

    5. ( ) (Gregorian Calendar)

    6. (Some Schemes of Historical Periodizatiori)

    .
    (Chinese Historical Onomastics)

    ) (Imperor's Names and Titles)

    ) ( ) (Theonyms andMythonyms)

    ) () (Ethnonyms)

    ) , , (Names of Ancient States and Kingdoms)

    ) (), , (Chrononyms)

    1) ( , gan-zhi)

    2) () (. , nian-hao)

    3) ( ) ( , chaodai)

    4) (Names of Historical Periods in China)

    5) (Names of Archeological
    Cultures and Periods)

    6) (Names of Historical Events)

    7)
    (Names of Agricultural Calendar, 24 Seasonal Markers)

    ) (Titulature)

    (Supplement)
    (List of Some
    Chinese
    Nomenclature and Titles)

    (Notes of Usage of Tables)

    (Supplement)

    () (Some Patterns for
    Correspondence between Cycle System and European Calendar)

    (General Chronological Tables)

    I. ( Wudi I Wu Ti, Five Emperors)
    (. . XXVI - . XXII / . XXI . ..)
    [] (, Sandai, Shagsandai)
    (. . XXII / . XXI . - 256 . ..)

    [] (HTC , , Sandai,
    Shagsandai, The Three Dynasties) (. . XXII / . XXI . - 256 . ..)

    II. ( Xia/Hsia Dynasty) (. . XXII / . XXI . - . . XVII . .)

    III. () ( / Shang, or Yin, Dynasty ) (. . XVII - . XI . . . / . 1600
    . 1050 . . .)
    [ ,
    (Ancestors of Shang before the Reign oj T'ang)]

    IV. ( Zhou/Chou Dynasty) (. XI . - 256 . ..; -
    - 1122-256 . .., - 1066-221 . ..)
    [ ,
    - (Ancestors of Zhou before the Reign of Wu-wang)]

    1. (Ml ,Xi Zhou /Hsi Chou, Western Chou) (. XI . / 1122 . -
    771 . .., - 1027-771 . ..)

    2. () , Dong Zhou / Tung Chou, Eastern Chou)
    (770-256 . ..)

    ) (##; ¸ , Chunqiu / Ch 'un Ch 'iu, Springs
    and Autumn Period) ( - 770-476 . ..;
    - 722-481 . .. "")

    ) ( [] , Zhanguo / Chan Kuo,
    Warring States Period) ( - 475-221 . ..;
    - 403-221 . ..)

    V. (/') (221-206 . ..)
    [ (Ancestors of Qin / Ch 'in)]
    (Qin / Ch 'in Dynasty)

    VI. ( Han, Han Dynasty) (206 . .. - 220 . ..)

    1. () (\ , Xi /Hsi Han, Western Han, ,
    Qian/Ch 'ien Han) (206 . .. - 8 . ..; 23-25 . ..)

    2. ( Xin /Hsin, Hsin-Wang). ( Wang Mang)
    (9-23 . ..)

    1. () () (23-25 . ..)

    3. () ( , Dong I Tung Han, Eastern Han, ,
    Han, Later Han) (25-220 .)

    ( , Liu Chao /Liu Ch 'ao, The Six Dynasties
    Period) (220-589 .)

    VII. ( , San Guo /San Kuo, Three Kingdoms) (220-280 .)

    1. ( Wei), (, Qian Wei /Ch 'ien Wei),
    (Cao Wei/Ts'ao Wei) (220-266 .)

    2. (Shu), - ( Shu-Han), (ffiD , Xi Shu I Hsi Shu), (. , Han / Chi Han) (221-263 .)

    3. (!& Wu), ( , Dong Wu / Tung Wu) (222-280 .)
    VIII. (if1 Jin I Chin Dynasty) (266-420 .)
    [ - (Ancestors ojJin before the Reign
    ofWuDi)]

    1. (SI? , XiJin /Hsi Chin, Western Chin) (266-317 . /
    265-316 .)

    2. (# , Dong Jin/Tung Chin, Eastern )(\1-20 .)
    . (1 , Nan-Bei-chao /Nan-Pei-ch
    Southern and Northern Dynasties) (386-589 .)

    . ( , Nan Chao I Nan-ch 'ao, Southern Dynasties) (420-589 .)

    1. (5f? Song /Sung) [ - (flJ5K Liu-Sung), ( Qian-Song/Ch 'ien-Sung),
    - (^ Shui-Song / Sung)] (420-479 .)

    2. {" Qi / Ch 7), ( ^ , Nan Qi /Nan Ch % Southern Qi / Ch ';') (479-502 .)

    3. ( Liang), {. , Nan Liang, Southern Liang)
    (502-557 .)

    4. ( Chen / Ch 'en), ( Nan Chen I Ch 'en, Southern Chen / Ch 'en) (557-589 .)
    [5]. ( , HouLiang, Later Liang), {~$ ,
    Bei Liang /Pei Liang, Northern Liang) (555-587 .)

    { , Bei Chao /Pei-ch 'ao, Northern Dynasties) (386-581 .)

    1. ( Wei) [ , , Bei Wei /Pei Wei), -
    Toba Wei/T'o-pa Wei), (SI Yuan Wei /Yuan Wei)] (386-535 .)
    [ (f^tM Ancestors of the Dai /Tai, Bei Wei /Pei Wei]
    , {Dai / Tai Dynasty, or Northern Wei Dynasty)
    (338-377 .)
    {Wei Dynasty)

    2. ( , Xi Wei /Hsi Wei, Western Wei) (535-557 .)

    3. ( , Dong Wei / Tung Wei, Eastern Wei) (534-550 .)

    4. , Bei Qi /Pei Ch 7, Northern Qi / Ch 7) (550-577 .)
    [ {Ancestors of the Northern Qi/Ch'i)]


    5. (4t \ , Bei Zhou /Pei Chou, Northern Zhou / Chou )
    (557-581 .)

    [ {Ancestors of the Northern Zhou / Chou)]
    {Northern Zhou / Chou)

    X. (Pf Sui Dynasty) (581-619 .)

    XI. ( Tang /Tang Dynasty), { , Qian Tang/Ch'ien Tang; 16..690 . 2..705 . Zhou /Chou) (618-907 .)
    [ , Ancestors of the Tang / Tang Dynasty]
    {Tang/Tang)

    Xll. (5ft , Wudai, Five Dynasties Period) (907-960 rr.)

    1. [] {] [] , [] Liang, Later Liang) (907-923 .)

    2. [] { [] , [] Tang /Tang, Later Tang) (923-937 .)
    [ () {Ancestors oj the Later Tang/ T'ang)]
    [] [Later T'ang]

    3. [] {]] , [] Jin /[] Chin, Later Jin / Chin) (936-947 .)

    4. [] ([ [] , Han, Later Han) (947-951 .)

    5. [] {[ [] , Zhou/ Chou, Later Zhou / Chou)
    (951-960 .) . {^ Song / Sung Dynasty) {960-1219 .)
    [ - {Ancestors ofthe Song /Sung Dynasty
    before the Reign ofT'ai-tsu)]

    1. , {i\L^ , Bei Song/Pei Sung, Northern Song /Sung)
    (960-1127 .)

    2. { ffl5K Nan Song, Southern Song /Sung) (1127-1279 .)
    XIV. ( Yuan / Yuan, or The Mongol
    Dynasty, China under the Mongols) (1206 / 1279-1368 .)

    1. (Genghisides before Mongol
    Empire Yuan) (1206-1259 .)

    2. , (^ [] , Da Yuan / Yuan,
    Mongol Empire Yuan) (, Yuan / Yuan) (1260-1368 ., - 1279 .)

    3. (7 , Yuan yi / Yuan yi, Descendants of the Yuan Dynasty) (^tx , Bei Yuan /Pei Yuan, Northern Yuan)
    (1368-1388 .)

    XV. ( Ming), ( [] , DafiJ Ming, Ming Dynasty,
    or Great Ming) (1368-1644 ., - 1662 .)
    [ ( , Mingyi, Descendants of the Ming Dynasty),
    ( , Nan Ming, Southern Ming)] (1644-1662 .)

    XVI. (it Qing / Ch 'ing,
    The Ch 'ing, or Manchu Dynasty), ( [] , DafiJ Qing /
    Ta[i] Ch'ing, or The Great Qing/Ch'ingEmpire) (1644-1911 .)

    XVII. ( , Zhonghua Minguo;
    . . , Daminguo 1 , Minguo, Republic of China)
    (1912-1949 .)

    (Heads of the Government of the Republic of China)

    XVIIIa. (^^
    , Zhonghua renmin gongheguo, People's Republic of China) (c 1949 r.)
    (Chairmen of the People's Republic of China)

    XVIII6. (? , Zhonghua Minguo,
    Republic of China [in Taiwan]) ( 1948 .)

    (Presidents of the Republic of China)

    (Appendicies)

    I. ( , San huang,
    Mythological Era of the Three Sovereigns)

    (Epoch of the Three Sovereigns, -
    XXIX-XXVIII . ..)
    []. (Supplement. Scheme
    of Archaeological Periodization of China)

    II. (+-t#R Uzhuhou
    of the Eastern Zhou / Chou)

    1. ( Lu) (. XI . / 1115 - 249 . . .)

    2. ( Qi /Ch 7) (. XI . / 850 . - 221 . ..)

    2. ( Tian Qi / Tien Ch 7) (410-221 . ..)

    26. [
    (Descendants of the T'ien)] () (209-201 . ..)

    3. ( Jin/Chin) (. XI . / 858 . - 369 . ..)

    . ( Quwo /Ch'tiwo) (745-679 . ..)

    4. ( Qin/Ch'iri) . () ( )

    5. ( Chu / Ch ') (. XI . / 847 . - 223 . ..)

    6. CM Song /Sung) ( . XI . / 858 . - 293 . ..)

    7. I ( Weil) (. XI . / 853 . - 209 . ..)

    8. ( Chen/Ch 'en) (. XI . / 854 . - 479 . ..)

    9. ( Cat / Ts 'ai) (. XI . / 863 . - 447 . ..)

    11. ( , Nan Liang, Southern Liang) (397-414 .)
    [ (Ancestors ofthe hsianbi Tufa)]
    (Southern Liang)

    12. (itffi. , Bei Liang /Pei Liang, Northern Liang) (397-439 .)

    13. ( , Nan Yan, Southern Yan) (398-410 .)

    14. ( , Xi Liang/Hsi Liang, Western Liang) (400-423 .)

    15. ( Xia, Hsia; , DaXia/ Hsia; ɧ , HuXia /Hsia, , Xia/Hsia Tiefu) (407-431 .)
    [ (Chiefs of the Clan Tefu Liu)]

    16. ( , Bei Yan, Northern Yan) (409-36 .)

    VII.
    ( 31 Wudai skiguo / Wu-tai shih kuo, Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms) (. IX . - 2- . X .)

    1. ( , Qian Shu/Ck Shu, Former Shu; , Shu 907-916 918-925 .; , [Da] Han /[ Han] 917 .) (891-925 .)

    2. ( Wu; , Huainan 910 .) (892-937 .)

    .(^ Wuyue/Wu-Yueh) (893-978 .)

    4. ( Mm; 943 . - , Yin) (893-945 .)

    5. ( Chu/Ch V) (896-951.)

    6. ( , Nan Han, Southern Han, 918 .; ~ , Da Yue / Yue 917 .) (905-971 .)

    7. (ffi2? Nanping/Nan P'ing, , Jinnan / Chinnan, :
    , Bei Chu/Pei Ch'u, Northern Chu) (907-963 .)

    8. ( , Shu, Later Shu; , Shu) (926-965 .)

    9. ( , Nan Tang /Nan Tang, Southern Tang; ^. , Da Qi, TaCh 'i 937 .; , Jiannan / Chiangnan XI/XII.971 .; -
    , Tang/T'ang) (937-976 .)

    10. ( , Bei Han, Pei Han, Northern Han; , Han)
    (951-979 .)

    VIII. "-" ("
    ", Taiping tianguo I T'ai-p 'ing T'ien-kuo, Taiping Heavenly Kingdom) (1851-1864 .)

    IX. (Zhonghua Minguo /Chunghua Minkuo,
    The Chinese Republic) (1911-1949 .)

    1. (National Governments)

    2.
    (Provisional Nationalist and Regional Regimes of the Chinese Republic)

    3. (Some Revolutionary Regimes in the Soviet and Liberated Regions of China)

    4. ,
    (Japanese Puppet Regimes in China) (1931-1945 .)

    X. (^ Zhongguo Renmin Gongheguo
    The People's Republic of China 1949 .)

    1. (Zhongguo Renmin Gongheguo Guowuyuan, State Council of the People's Republic of China). (Cabinets)

    2. (Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui, National People's Congress)

    3. , ( Zhongguo GongchandangDahui, The Chinese
    Communist Party, Congresses and Conferences) (1921-2008 .)

    3. -
    (Chinese Military Governors ofChiaochih
    Province in the Ming Period) (1407-1427 .)

    4. - () (1545-1786 .)
    [5]. (Dang Nam,
    Communist Party of Vietnam) ( 1930-1951 . - , 1951-1976 . - , Dang lao dong ViQtNam 1976 . ), . . .. ..
    (Comments)

    IV. ( , MS, MONGOLIA)
    (introduction)
    (Mongol Calendar)
    (Basic Sources)
    (General Chronological Tables)

    I. (Gengfe(cfe)

    1. (Yeke Mongyol ulus; , Grate Mongol State), - (1206-1260 .)

    2. (Yeke Yuan; . [] ),
    ( Yuan) (1260-1368 ., - 1279 .)

    3. (, Bei Yuan, Northern Yuan Dynasty),
    ( , Yuan, Later Yuan) (1368-1388 .)

    4. XV-XVII . (Mongolia in the Period of the Feudal Division), (Dada, 1402 .) (. 1380- 1635 .)

    II. (Mongolia under
    the Manchu Dynasty Ch'ing) (1636-1911 .). . I.I (See Supplement I.I)

    III. - ( ,
    Bogda Khaanate of Mongolia) (1911-1924 .)
    - ( , Prime Minister of Mongolia)
    (1912-1924 . I.III (See also Supplement LIU)

    . ( ,
    Mongolian People's Republic) ( 1924 .). . I.III (See also Supplement I.III)
    () (Presidents)
    I (Appendicel)

    I. (Mongolia under
    the Manchu Dyansty Ch 'ing) (1636-1911 .)
    1. (. . - - "[] ",
    (Khalkha Rulers) (1636 . - 1- . XVIII .)

    ) - ( , Tusiyetu Qan Ayimay, )

    ) - ( , Jasaytu Qan Ayimay, )

    ) - (Secen Qan Ayimay, )

    2. , Muromachi bakufu),
    , {Ashikaga bakufu)
    (1336-1573 .)

    [3]. : (6da and Toyotomi).
    (Momoyamajidai) (1573-1602 .)

    4. ( , Edo bakufu), , (Tokugawa bakufu) (1603-1867 .)

    V.
    1) (" ", Shikken, or Regents for the Shogun) (1203-1333 .)
    2) ("", Shitsuji, Shogun 's Deputies) (1336-1366 .)
    3) : ("-", Kanryo /Kanrei, Shogun's Deputies, 'Premiers')
    (1367-1563 .)

    VI. ( , Naikaku, Cabinets of Ministers)
    ( 1885 . - )

    VII. (Rulers of Ryukyu)


    (Rulers of Okinawa)

    1. (The Early Period)
    ) : (Shunteno Clan)
    ) (Eiso Clan)

    2. ( , Period of Three
    Kingdoms)

    3. Ѹ: (The First Sho Dynasty)

    4. Ѹ: (The Second Sho Dynasty)

    (Abbriviations)

    (List of Illustrations)

    Summary

    , .

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