В этой статье идет речь о малоизвестной странице истории советских электровозов. Заводы «Шкода» тогда еще социалистической и объединенной Чехословакии с конца 1950-х годов стали основным поставщиком пассажирских электровозов для СССР, на железных дорогах которого к середине 1960-х сложились две системы питания — постоянным током напряжения 3 кВ и переменным током напряжения 25 кВ. Для удобства вождения поездов при переходе с одной системы питания на другую чехи разработали для Советского Союза специальный электровоз двойного питания — ЧС5. Тогда же были построены и испытаны под Прагой две опытных машины (приводятся их технические характеристики и подробное описание). Однако по экономическим соображениям СССР отказался от этих электровозов, и они так и остались в Чехии.
ИЗ ИСТОРИИ ЖЕЛЕЗНЫХ ДОРОГ
О чем рассказал старый альбом...
60 лет "Победе" (окончание)
"Красные жуки" Болгарии (продолжение)
А. Алексеев Осенний марафон
П36 - восставший из мертвых!
Большие метаморфозы маленькой дороги
КВЖД. год 1945-й... (продолжение)
ВОЗВРАЩАЯСЬ К НАПЕЧАТАННОМУ
Дорога детства, или Электровозы, которые мы потеряли
Ван дер Лебедь
Неутомимый Игорь Иванович
The unknown ChS
In this article there is a speech about little-known page of a history of the Soviet electric locomotives. Machine factories Skoda of the socialist and incorporated Czechoslovakia from the end 1950s became the basic supplier of passenger electric locomotives for the USSR, where on the railways in the middle of 1960s years has developed two systems of a current - constant (3 kilovolt) and alternating current (25 kilovott). For convenience of driving the trains during transition from one system to another Czechs have developed a special electric locomotive of a double-way feed (CS5) for Soviet Union at the interlocking stations these years. At the same time two experimental copies (their characteristics and the detailed description are presented) were constructed and tested near Prague. USSR though has refused to purchase them by some economic reasons, and they have remained in Czechia.
Vladimir Bochenkov What has the old album told
One of the constant authors of the almanac has got an interesting picture album of 1913, illustrating work of temporary narrow-gauge at the open-cast near the city of Simbirsk (nowadays Ulyanovsks), that on Volga. These open-casts have provided rocks for the construction of the local railway bridge through Volga which was opened in 1916. Using the system of temporary railways the stone was delivered to a coast, and then it was delivered to a construction on the river by barges. Unfortunately, any additional data on this nice narrow-gauge road was impossible to collect, and the road itself is completely gone.
60 Years of the "Victory" (ending)
The second part of the detailed story about steam locomotive P-0001 "Victory" is devoted to a comparison of its factory appearance with modern, and also to the description of all history of a steam locomotive from the factory - manufacturer up to a museum. The locomotive has worked for 25 years; being exposed to various trails and passing numerous repairs. All this, certainly, has had an effect on its ex-terrier. And the destiny after the termination of work is not less interesting, than while its operation - the steam locomotive has wandered on various museum store-rooms and repair depot for a long time, until it has found the final destination in the Moscow museum at the Rizhskiy railway station.
The "Red Bugs" of Bulgaria (continuation)
The continuation of the story about the Moscow journalist - dilettante, being gone to the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria for holidays, surveyed its transport sights. This time the topic will be the capital of the state - Sofia. The curious genre scenes, architecture and an arrangement of city, and the national food are described here, but the basic place is given to the Sofia tram. It has two width of a track - 1435 and 1000 mm rather intricately bound among themselves. In this connection various types of cars both local. Sofia, manufactures, and import - Czech "Tatra" and Belgian "Duvag" here are maintained.
The autumn marathon
This is a picture story, with the text basically consisting of half-joking notes, is devoted to the retro-tour carried out together with Russian society of railway amateurs (VOLZD) in the fall of 2005 with the L steam locomotive on route Bologoe-Ostashkov-Soblago-Zhukopa in the area of the Top Volga.
Vladislava Kalinina P36 - Resurrected from the dead
The author has given this name to the Czech electric locomotives - the main locomotives on the local railroads. Being on vacation on the beach our Moscow journalist and a great amateur of the railroads could not leave the transport system of their country without attention. He explored the tram in Sofia, and found out that it has two different gauges - 1435 mm and 1000 mm. He researched the Varnenskoe locomotive depot and found out that they have Soviet and Romanian diesel locomotives, Czech electric locomotives, Riga electric trains and two small local steam locomotives, ready to depart to the museum. Besides Varnenskoe locomotive depot, he visited the railroad museum in Rusa, had an opportunity to try the local beer, food, enjoy the great views of the Southern Europe country, and appreciate the Bulgarian women.
The big metamorphosis of small railroad
In 2007 the children's railway that is situated near Moscow Kratovo will mark the 70-anniversary. In the eve of this anniversary the global reconstruction was carried out. So was accomplished? The editor of the almanac has interviewed the chief of a children's railway. Heavy rails were put on the concrete cross ties, which is really unique for Russian narrow-gauges. Major overhaul of all constructions was made and new carload depot was erected. The new specially designed carriages from Mitischi factory have arrived, and old diesel locomotive is reconstructed. Now they mainly use new computer technologies in control system of movement.
China Eastern Railroad. Year of 1945 (continuation)
The almanac traditionally continues to publish memoirs of old locomotive machinist about his work at the Chinese Eastern Railroad (CER) right at the end of the Second World War. In this fragment, along with the further description of a life of railway men of those years, you can find an interesting story about "hoonhuses" (the Chinese gangsters) and struggle against them. Also here is the beginning of the narration about an echelon with wpenal battalion" - the Soviet soldier-prisoners. Obeying their own prison laws, these uncontrollable people began to arrange excesses. The armies were called to suppress them...
The road of childhood,
or electric locomotives which we have Lost
Some years back the almanac had published a material called Rescue! about the destiny of the earliest in Russia wide-gauge electric locomotive, a miracle kept in Moscow. And now, in continuation of this theme, the almanac publishes a material about the line itself - a factory branch-line where these unique locomotives were maintained, electrified in 1920s years. The author of the material is the eyewitness of last years of "life" of its electric traction (middle of 1980s years), who more than once walked it from the beginning up to the end. The full description of this interesting several kilometer wide line, which used to have a lot of branches and the well-known Moscow - district railway adjoining to station Cherkizovo.
Van der Lebed'
The intiring Igor Ivanovich
I Here the conversation is about the famous Russian model maker Igor Prohorov. He has restored his marvelous model in scale 1:87 called The Russian Locomotive Dep 7 has made a model of a well-known steam locomotive called The Russian prairie of S series and has shown his early works. (See also I and IV cover pages.)